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Graphic design terms and abbreviations

Graphic design termer och förkortningar
Graphic design termer och förkortningar

Graphic design is a comprehensive field that requires both creativity and technical knowledge. To understand and communicate effectively within this field, it’s important to be familiar with the various terms and abbreviations used. This article will explore some of the most common terms and abbreviations in graphic design.

CMYK

CMYK stands for cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. These are the four colors used in printing and are typically represented as the color process for printouts.

RGB

RGB stands for red, green, and blue. These are the primary colors used in displays and digital devices. By mixing different intensities of red, green, and blue, a wide range of colors can be created.

DPI

DPI stands for “dots per inch” and measures the resolution of a print. The higher the DPI, the more detailed and sharp the print will be.

Vector Graphics

Vector graphics are created using geometric shapes and lines that can be scaled up or down without losing quality. This makes them ideal for logos and illustrations.

Raster Graphics

Raster graphics consist of pixels and are suitable for photographs and complex images. Scaling up raster graphics can lead to loss of sharpness and detail.

UI/UX

UI stands for user interface and UX stands for user experience. These two concepts are central to web design and focus on how users interact with a website or an app.

Typography

Typography is about the design and arrangement of text in a layout. It includes font selection, size, line spacing, and layout to create a readable and aesthetically pleasing design.

Bleed

Bleed is the extra margin around a design that allows printing to extend beyond the final trim size. It ensures there are no white edges on the final print.

PSD

Short for Photoshop Document, the primary file format for Adobe Photoshop. It is used to create and edit raster graphics.

AI

Stands for Adobe Illustrator, software used to create vector graphics and illustrations. It is a powerful tool for graphic design.

EPS

EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript and is a file format used to save and transfer vector graphics. It is usually compatible with various graphic programs and printing processes.

GIF

GIF stands for Graphics Interchange Format and is a file format for moving graphics and simple animations. It is popular for web use due to its compression capability and support for transparency.

PNG

PNG stands for Portable Network Graphics and is a file format used to save raster graphics with support for transparency. It is commonly used for web graphics where image quality and transparency are important.

JPEG

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group and is a file format for raster graphics commonly used for photographs and complex images. It is compressed to reduce file size but can lead to quality loss.

JPEG 2000

JPEG 2000 is an enhanced version of the standard JPEG format that offers better image quality and compression. It is mainly used for high-resolution images and medical imaging.

WebP

WebP is a more modern image format developed by Google. It offers high-quality image compression with support for both lossless and lossy compression, making it ideal for web use with faster loading times.

SVG

SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics and is a file format for scalable vector graphics without losing quality. It is commonly used for icons, logos, and illustrations on web pages.

TIFF

TIFF stands for Tagged Image File Format and is a file format for raster graphics used for high-quality images and printing. It supports lossless compression and is common in professional graphic workflows.

PDF

PDF stands for Portable Document Format and is a file format used to share and view documents independently of software, hardware, or operating systems. It supports both text and graphics and is often used for print-ready files.

Pantone

Pantone is a system of standardized colors used in graphic design and printing. It is particularly important for ensuring accurate color matching in print projects.

Serif and Sans-serif

Serif and sans-serif are two main types of fonts. Serif fonts have small feet or lines at the ends of letters, while sans-serif fonts lack these extra details. Serif fonts typically provide a more classic and formal feel, while sans-serif fonts tend to be perceived as modern and clean. The choice between them depends on the desired style and use of the text.

Grid

Grid systems are grids used to create a consistent layout and placement of elements in a design. It helps create balance and order in the design.

Kerning

Kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between individual characters in text to improve readability and aesthetics. It is particularly important in typographic design.

Lorem Ipsum

Lorem Ipsum is a standard dummy text used in design to fill the space for real text before actual text is available. It helps assess layout and typography without being distracted by content.

Mockup

A visual representation of how a design will look in real life. It can be a static image or an interactive model and is often used to show design concepts to clients.

Wireframe

A simple visualization of a website or application that shows basic layout and functionality without graphical elements. It is used to plan and sketch out the design before full graphic design begins.

Understanding and mastering the basic terms and abbreviations in graphic design is crucial for creating effective and professional design projects. By using this guide as a reference, you can increase your knowledge and improve your skills in the field.

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